Several business leaders are among the rich and famous who have been tied to disgraced billionaire financier and accused sex trafficker Jeffrey Epstein.

Epstein was found hanged in his New York City prison cell in 2019 while awaiting trial in what was ruled a suicide. Despite his demise, the 66-year-old sex offender’s alleged victims, and the socialites he surrounded himself with, are back in the headlines as Ghislaine Maxwell, his former girlfriend, faces federal sex trafficking charges for allegedly assisting him and his friends with recruiting young girls to exploit.

Maxwell, 59, has been on trial since late last month, and some of those who testified have dredged back up Epstein’s old connections. Here is a look at some of the business magnates whose names have been associated with Epstein and Maxwell.

Jes Staley

James Edward “Jes” Staley was CEO of the British bank Barclays until his resignation was made public early last month before the start of Maxwell’s trial. He resigned after seeing preliminary conclusions from an investigation by regulators at the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority and Prudential Regulation Authority.

Prior to his work at Barclays, Staley worked for more than three decades at JPMorgan. Some 1,200 emails between Staley and Epstein were first passed to U.S. regulators and have since been pored over by British regulators, according to the Financial Times. Some of the emails included unexplained phrases, including “snow white,” of which investigators have not determined the meaning.

While a lot of the email cache appears to be practical in nature, such as parsing out logistics about getting drinks, it reportedly showed that Epstein and Staley had a close relationship. Barclays has asserted that the duo’s relationship was strictly professional, but regulators decided to examine the emails to see if that assertion is correct.

The relationship between Epstein and Staley began about two decades ago when Epstein was a client at JPMorgan’s private bank. Staley reportedly visited Epstein in Florida in 2009 when he was serving time for procuring a child for prostitution and for soliciting a prostitute, and he later visited him on Epstein’s private island in the Caribbean in 2015. Staley has since said he “deeply regrets” his past associations with Epstein.

Bill Gates

Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates, who was once the world’s wealthiest person, was also drawn into Epstein’s web. Gates, who is a major philanthropist, admitted to sharing several dinners with Epstein, but he said he cut off their relationship when it became clear Epstein wouldn't be helpful to his charity efforts.

“Those meetings were a mistake. They didn't result in what he purported, and I cut them off. You know, that goes back a long time ago now, so there's nothing new on that,” the billionaire tech mogul said in August.

Epstein’s former pilot, who flew the financier’s infamous “Lolita Express” jet, testified during Maxwell’s trial that Gates was among the dignitaries who have traveled on the plane. Other past passengers have allegedly included Prince Andrew, former Presidents Bill Clinton and Donald Trump, actor Kevin Spacey, and several U.S. lawmakers.

The plane’s nickname “Lolita Express” is a reference to the controversial 1955 novel by Vladimir Nabokov that details the sexual molestation of a 12-year-old girl by a middle-aged French professor.

Donald Trump

“Jane,” one of Epstein’s alleged victims who claimed she was first approached by him and Maxwell when she was just a teenager, testified last week that Epstein took her to Trump’s Mar-a-Lago resort to meet him. She said she was 14 at the time, although she did not allege any inappropriate behavior from the now-former president.

Trump was a business tycoon prior to running for president in 2016. In addition to his business pursuits, he was the co-producer and star of NBC’s reality game show The Apprentice. Photos of Trump with Maxwell and Epstein already appeared online prior to Maxwell’s trial, and Trump has also reportedly flown on Epstein's plane.

Les Wexner

Leslie Wexner is the billionaire businessman who transformed Victoria’s Secret, a lingerie and beauty company, into a massive business and household name. He was also Epstein’s biggest client, with Wexner even giving Epstein power of attorney. Epstein also served as a trustee of Wexner’s charitable organization, the Wexner Foundation.

Wexner’s company L Brands conducted an investigation into his relationship with Epstein, and Wexner later stepped down from his CEO role, although he claimed he had no knowledge of Epstein’s alleged sex trafficking, according to Vanity Fair.

“I would never have guessed that a person I employed more than a decade ago could have caused such pain to so many people,” Wexner said in a 2019 letter to his employees. “My heart goes out to each and every person who has been hurt.”

“I would not have continued to work with any individual capable of such egregious, sickening behavior as has been reported about him,” he continued. “As you can imagine, this past week I have searched my soul … reflected … and regretted that my path ever crossed his.”

Leon Black

Leon Black, a co-founder of Apollo Global Management, tendered his resignation as CEO and chairman of the company, which is one of the country’s largest private equity firms, earlier this year after the New York Times reported he had transferred at least $50 million to Epstein after his 2008 conviction.

“Mr. Black received personal trusts and estates planning advice, as well as family office philanthropy and investment services from several financial and legal advisers, including Mr. Epstein, during a six-year period, between 2012 and 2017,” said Stephanie Pillersdorf, Black’s spokeswoman. “The trusts and estate planning advice was vetted by leading auditors and law firms.”

Pillersdorf said Black was “appalled” by Epstein’s conduct and “deeply regrets” his past involvement with him.

Glenn Dubin

Hedge fund billionaire Glenn Dubin is another business figure who resigned in the wake of Epstein’s downfall. Dubin, whose wife once dated Epstein, denied that his resignation was related to the scandal.

Dubin and his wife, Eva Andersson-Dubin, reportedly remained in contact with Epstein after his 2008 conviction and invited him to Thanksgiving the following year.

Epstein accuser Virginia Giuffre has also claimed to have had sex with Dubin after an hourslong massage at a hotel in Palm Beach, Florida, according to Business Insider. The couple has vociferously denied Giuffre’s claims.

“Glenn and Eva Dubin are outraged by the allegations in the unsealed court records, which are demonstrably false and defamatory,” a spokesperson said. “The Dubins have flight records and other evidence that definitively disprove that any such events occurred.”

Joi Ito

Joichi Ito, a prominent venture capitalist, resigned from leading the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab about a month after Epstein was found dead. It was revealed by the New Yorker in 2019 that the lab, headed by Ito, had accepted donations from Epstein but attempted to keep his name away from the program.

Epstein also appeared to work as an intermediary between other donors, such as Gates and Black, from whom he reportedly secured $2 million and $5.5 million gifts, respectively. Some staff who worked in Ito’s office at the lab dubbed Epstein “Voldemort” or “he who must not be named.”

In addition to resigning from the MIT Media Lab, Ito also stepped down from the boards of the MacArthur Foundation, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, and the New York Times Company.