New York will impose an indoor mask mandate for businesses that do not require vaccinations amid the spread of the new omicron variant of COVID-19.

Businesses that fail to comply with the mandate could face a maximum fine of $1,000 per violation, New York Gov. Kathy Hochul announced Friday.

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"I’ve been warning, if we can't get more people vaccinated, boosted, I have to protect people but also the economy," she said during remarks Friday.

If a business does not mandate the vaccine, it must require all its patrons 2 years of age and older to wear a mask while indoors. Children between the ages of 2 and 5, for whom the vaccine has not been approved yet, must also wear a mask.

The measure is effective from Dec. 13 to Jan. 15 and comes in anticipation of a winter surge of COVID-19 cases amid the spread of the omicron variant.

"We shouldn't have reached the point where we are confronted with a winter surge, especially with the vaccine at our disposal, and I share many New Yorkers' frustration that we are not past this pandemic yet," Hochul said in a statement.

At the moment, over 80% of New Yorkers are fully vaccinated, according to Hochul. But COVID-19 cases are rising. The seven-day average case rate has increased by 43% and hospitalizations increased by 29% since Thanksgiving, according to the governor.

The state reported 20 cases of the omicron variant, according to data released Thursday. Omicron has shown signs that it spreads fast but is less lethal than the other strains.

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Hochul said the state's new requirement is intended to boost state vaccination rates. It does not go as far as New York City, which mandates businesses to enforce proof of vaccination.

The New York Department of Health also recommends individuals wear a mask in public indoor settings, even if there is no mandate for it.