The chairman of the Federal Communications Commission made clear Friday that his plans for broadband policy are far from over.

"Here's the punchline," Chairman Tom Wheeler said at the Brookings Institution. "It's pedal to the medal on broadband policy for both consumers and competitors."

Wheeler called broadband the most "powerful and pervasive platform on the planet," saying it is "unthinkable" that it could exist without government oversight. He emphasized the necessity of having policies that address the power that large companies have over broadband and who is able to access it.

He said that it was unacceptable that in this day and age, broadband is still unavailable to some. Calling it "indispensable," Wheeler said the FCC is planning to make broadband cheaper, fairer and more accessible by pushing competition, offering economic incentives and enabling new government policies.

Regulation of the network, Wheeler said, "can only be done at the highest level of government."

His statement comes amid backlash from large telecommunications companies over the FCC's recent implementation of new net neutrality rules, which prohibit prioritization, blocking and other forms of paid preference in broadband. Big communications providers, such as Time Warner Cable, AT&T and Verizon took a heavy hit when the ruling passed as they had previously been able to charge for faster access and streaming.

Another controversial FCC proposal, called Title II, would ensure that net neutrality remains permanent by allowing the FCC to regulate Internet service providers as public utilities. If it is implemented, the FCC would not only be able to set what prices broadband providers are able to charge, but also communication companies would not be able to block access to content, slow down traffic or create fast lanes for organizations willing to pay more.

The goal of the FCC's new policies is to make broadband affordable, open and "free of any artificial inhibition on its use," regardless of a person's location, finances and even possible physical impairments, Wheeler said. He said the government, with the help of rules such as net neutrality and Title II, will make that happen.

"The FCC is to exercise its authority with both determination and digression," Wheeler said.

Promoting competition outside of large cable companies is "paramount" to creating fiber optic and 5G networks that span the country, he said. Title II would force broadband companies to expand to unserved areas by creating competition between communication companies and smaller organizations.

Opponents of Title II, however, say that implementing it would reduce innovation, shrink investment and decrease the quality of service by regulating competition. Furthermore, they say the measure would subject providers to the authority of the FCC, whereas in the past, the agency had applied only a "light touch" on communication companies.

Still, Wheeler emphasized that the FCC will let companies compete with little government interference.

"In our implementation [of policy] I intend to adhere to the wisdom that the best referees don't intend to make themselves part of the game unnecessarily," the chairman said.

Wheeler added he refuses to be cowed by huge communications companies arguments that net neutrality and Title II would hurt their ability to invest in new technologies and new communities, which would subsequently also hurt the economy. Wheeler cited T-Mobile, Sprint, Charter and other organizations as companies that have said that Title II would not hurt investment.

"But make no mistake about it. If they break the rules we'll blow the whistle."