On this day, Jan. 2, in 1923, racist whites in Florida burned down the predominantly black town of Rosewood, killing at least six blacks. A Ku Klux Klan rally had been held in Gainesville on New Year's Eve, the same day that a white woman near Rosewood claimed she had been raped by a black drifter.

A group of white men began lynching black people. Two white men who tried to force their way into another house were shot and killed. A mob of 200 armed whites returned with torches and burned down buildings and slaughtered animals to make sure the black residents never returned.

The Florida legislature in 1994 voted to compensate the families of the survivors.

Scott McCabe